During this time, he formed an alliance with Louis Howe, who would shape his political career for the next 25 years. Roosevelt was re-elected to the state senate in and served as chair of the agricultural committee, passing farm and labor bills and social welfare programs. During the National Democratic Convention, Roosevelt supported presidential candidate Woodrow Wilson and was rewarded with an appointment as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the same job Theodore Roosevelt had used to catapult himself to the presidency.
Roosevelt was an energetic and efficient administrator. He specialized in business operations, working with Congress to get budgets approved and systems modernized, and he founded the U.
Naval Reserve. But he was restless in the position as "second chair" to his boss, Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels, who was less enthusiastic about supporting a large and efficient naval force. In , Roosevelt decided to run for the U. Senate seat for New York. The proposition was doomed from the start, as he lacked White House support.
President Wilson needed the Democratic political machine to get his social reforms passed and ensure his re-election. He could not support Roosevelt, who had made too many political enemies among New York Democrats.
Roosevelt was soundly defeated in the primary election and learned a valuable lesson that national stature could not defeat a well-organized local political organization. Still, Roosevelt took to Washington politics and found his career thriving as he developed more personal relationships.
At the Democratic Convention, he accepted the nomination for vice president, as James M. Cox's running mate. The pair was soundly defeated by Republican Warren G. Harding in the general election, but the experience gave Roosevelt national exposure. Roosevelt repaired his relationship with New York's Democratic political machine. He appeared at the and Democratic National Conventions to nominate New York governor Al Smith for president, which increased his national exposure.
When Eleanor discovered the affair, she gave Franklin an ultimatum in to stop seeing Lucy or she would file for divorce. Roosevelt agreed to stop seeing Mercer romantically, but years later began secretly see Mercer again. She was, in fact, with him at the time of his death.
In , at the age of 39, Roosevelt was diagnosed with polio while vacationing at Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada. At first, refusing to accept that he was permanently paralyzed, Roosevelt tried numerous therapies and even bought the Warm Springs resort in Georgia seeking a cure.
Despite his efforts, he never regained the use of his legs. He later established a foundation at Warm Springs to help others and instituted the March of Dimes program that eventually funded an effective polio vaccine. For a time, Roosevelt was resigned to being a victim of polio, believing his political career to be over. But his wife Eleanor and political confidante Louis Howe encouraged him to continue on. Over the next several years, Roosevelt worked to improve his physical and political image. He taught himself to walk short distances in his braces.
And he was careful not to be seen in public using his wheelchair. Roosevelt was narrowly elected, and the victory gave him confidence that his political star was rising. As governor, FDR believed in progressive government and instituted a number of new social programs.
Following the stock market crash of , Republicans were being blamed for the Great Depression. Sensing opportunity, Roosevelt began his run for the presidency by calling for government intervention in the economy to provide relief, recovery and reform. His upbeat, positive approach and personal charm helped him defeat Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover in November When FDR ran for his second term in , he was re-elected to office on November 3, , in a landslide against Alfred M.
Early in , Roosevelt had not publicly announced that he would run for an unprecedented third term as president. At the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Roosevelt swept aside all challengers and received the nomination. RL Download Audio File A [dig].
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Franklin D. These men will be taken prisoner and forced to march one hundred miles to a prison camp; with poor rations and ill treatment, thousands will die on the so-called Bataan Death March. As the NAACP saw the opportunity for federal action, the Association continued to invest time, money, and effort in pursuing legislative avenues that the administration did not support—and would be difficult to push through Congress without open public support by FDR. Winston Churchill. Archived from the original PDF on October 31,
Lauderdale, FL 17 min Your browser does not support the audio element. Download Audio File 2 reels [dig]. Davis 8 min Your browser does not support the audio element. Download Audio File B-K2 4 [dig]. Download Audio File C [dig]. Dinner "Peace like war. Download Audio File 5 [dig]. Download Audio File A[dig]. Minus three paragraphs 5 min Your browser does not support the audio element.
Download Audio File 6 [dig]. FDR Library. Roosevelt Library, Inc. Papers: New York, N. Historian: Papers relating to Louis M. Howe, c.
unregeto.tk: The Faith of FDR -From President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Public Papers (): William J Federer: Books. 10, , to the Delegates of the American Youth Congress, Washington, D.C. "WE . Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The American Presidents Series: The 32nd out of 5 stars. unregeto.tk: The Top 5 Greatest Presidents: George Washington, Thomas and Franklin D. Roosevelt (): Charles River Editors: Books.
Papers: Second wife of G. Papers: Son of President and Mrs. Roosevelt; U.
Roosevelt; Secretary to the President, ; U. Representative from California, ; and U. Papers: Supervisory architect, Franklin D. Papers: Administrator, U. Papers: Counsel, U.
Papers: Rector of St. Copies of correspondence with Winston S. Privacy Accessibility. Collection Title or Brief Description. Collection of Naval and Marine Manuscripts. Copy of his "History of the Estate at Hyde Park". January 13, Papers as New York State Senator.
Papers as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Papers as Vice-Presidential Candidate. Papers, Papers Pertaining to the Campaign of Papers as Governor of New York.